Execute Python From Batch Script

Select a Python file (. execute, raspberry pi, How to execute a shell script on your Raspberry PI? create a diretory for the script, for instance:. bat file, in the file I did: cd to a direcotry copied the files to another directory run the to-csv. To run the plan with Flink, go to your Flink distribution, and run the pyflink. You can also put your Python scripts into a directory and add this to the path. I will not assume you are perfectly familiar with Python in the below examples; therefore I have provided an excessive amount of comments and each example is a full-fledged script instead of just a snippet. Auto Run Script On Startup Linux. bat' extension. Determine Python Version. I haven't messed with it much, but I don't think there is a way of passing arguments to a script when you execute it via the python window! If I am right, ESRI must have overlooked this one. sh files step by step: 1)First of all, download the file that you are going to execute e. They are useful for automating series of MATLAB ® commands, such as computations that you have to perform repeatedly from the command line or series of commands you have to reference. AutoIt v3 is a freeware BASIC-like scripting language designed for automating the Windows GUI and general scripting. AWS Batch plans, schedules, and executes your batch computing workloads using Amazon EC2 and Spot Instances. enable Advanced Project Options, select Use custom workspace. In this exercise, you will create a model, export it as a script, and use it to create a Windows task that will run the batch job on a daily basis and write the results to a new Reviewer session. In the opinion of the ABS Guide author, this is wasted effort. If you run Python scripts that use ArcGIS Pro functionality outside of the ArcGIS Pro application, such as a Python IDE, from a command prompt, or running scripts through scheduled tasks, one of the following conditions must be true: Sign me in automatically is checked when signing in to ArcGIS Pro. In order to run these Python samples, they must be configured with Azure Batch and Azure Storage credentials. py looks like the following:. bat file, in the file I did: cd to a direcotry copied the files to another directory run the to-csv. Can configure any Jenkins setting. py" that searches a website for certain text in order to run this file I open up the command prompt, and type: cd C:\Folder" //which will change the directory to where the script is python "script. Also, Windows batch variables are evaluated inline. This batch script sets an environment variable say _BLDPATH. I want to pass variables like I would using the command line. SQLite Python tutorial. For demonstration purposes, I created a simple batch file that would produce The Matrix effect, but the method described here would work for any batch file that you’d like to run from Python. works just fine for me, only important change to the code that i had to make was turning print into a function because im using python 3. How to Install Python Packages on Windows 7: For the complete and utter noob (put your new skills to the test over at my simpleTweet_01_python instructable. sh extension). to execute a script in powershell, create the script in notepad++ save as. python C:\Users\cool_python_script. To keep the script running even if the user cancels the UAC prompt, move ExitApp into the try block. Let’s try to. bat file, in the file I did: cd to a direcotry copied the files to another directory run the to-csv. Once the shortcut has been created, right-click the file and select Cut. If you can't execute or run a Python script, then programming is pointless. There’s no better way to distribute scripts to large numbers of users, whether you want to ship your code to the whole world or keep it private to the users in your G Suite domain. "The title pretty much speaks for itself. Activating a Python virtual environment from a script file. 7 Anaconda 4. In Script-Fu, a plug-in is used to execute scripts. Once you have configured your account credentials, you can run any of the samples and they will. Running external command or shell command is very popular Python developers. Is there any way to do that? I did a ton of googling, but there aren't any clear answ. py After running the script, review the code to learn what each part of the application does. I am working on user-friendly command-line interfaces, and I want to pass input via the shell args as follows: A command line argument is nothing but an argument sent to a program being called. I mean, the ultimate goal of a developer is to write scripts that are executable and actionable. 3 Local variables. Batch And Putty Script Help - posted in Bash / Shell Scripting: I'm working on writing a batch script in Windows 7 that will open putty and perform a specific task that I choose. If you want to execute a script from command prompt then consider sqlcmd command. Within a batch file simply call your local version of ArcDesktop's python and pass it the script name and the script arguments. We are talking about creating. In the Task Scheduler Run Window, I have tried entering both the path to the script alone and the path to the script with the path to my Python program. I just wondered if I could use python all the way. Step 2 [Windows]: Run the install. I have tried this in my script to run the batchfile: import os os. sh script from the /bin folder. So the following will not create a byte code file: [email protected]:~$ cd python [email protected]:~/python$ python easy_to_write. 7zip is program that will use for zipping. If the vale of the second arg is 0 ie. Don't try to use the python shell as a terminal shell, it's a waste of time. A BAT file is a DOS batch file used to. The problem is that the groovy script (cmd. Batch Files. Inf", which is disabled in Windows, to run that "bat" or it's "exe" file when entering any logical drives in Windows 7 or it runs itself depending on the specified time or actions regardless of task scheduler and startup. 4 to Python 2. If the script is in the current directory then you can use tab completion. For example. I think your options would then be to: 1. It covers the basics of SQLite programming with the Python language. Rate this: Save to log/text file while executing the batch script. Answer: Generally, OS-side activities are best managed in the OS environment (e. py or sudo python Scale2. Duncan Booth The simplest fix, assuming we aren't talking Win9x is probably: python "%~f0" %* And if you can't be bothered with PATHEXT then just make sure to always type the. bat extension. Python is a very popular language for programming. Tagged with: batch mode, execution plan, Python, Query execution, R, row mode, sp_execute_external_script, SQL Server, SQL Server 2019, window functions Posted in Uncategorized 2 comments on “ Window Aggregate operator in batch mode in SQL Server 2019 ”. One of the most flexible ways to run Python scripts from SSMS is via the xp_cmdshell extended stored procedure. If a Python script is imported as a module, the byte code will be stored in the corresponding. Every time a Python script is executed, byte code is created. How to Create and Run a CMD batch file. The Python script that run on Azure batch will do the following 1) Connect to Azure Storage Account 2) copy the file to Azure Data Lake Store (Note: this is different than copy activity in ADF). Is there a way I can run a. Run Python Script As Windows 7 Service python script via windows 7 scheduler still running. Running Python Code in Windows Batch File Trick Posted on August 21, 2009 August 22, 2009 by Matt Warren I found this really neat bit of. AWS Batch plans, schedules, and executes your batch computing workloads using Amazon EC2 and Spot Instances. How to Execute a Script at Startup on the Raspberry Pi. I requested my provider to send that Host key. SSIS execute Process Task allows the package to run Win32 executables or batch files. I try to run a. sh for python 2. The examples were created and tested on Ubuntu Linux. How to execute AutoIt script using Jenkins? We are going to use Jenkins for continuous delivery of AutoIt scripts in the form of EXE, which is nothing but the automated scripts for end user actions in the Windows OS. Anaconda 2. Please note that there is more than one way to execute Python Script using the Windows Scheduler. Python provides Interactive Shell to execute code immediatly and produce output instantly. This script is tested on these platforms by the author. In the opinion of the ABS Guide author, this is wasted effort. The cool thing about MSH is that if you have any post-Win 98 PC, you can write a “batch” script in a variety of languages. Importing is done in the following way in my python script "batch. connection and ADODB. PyTecplot: Tecplot 360 Python Library¶ The pytecplot library is a high level API that connects your Python script to the power of the Tecplot 360 visualization engine. For example, I used the below code to create a simple GUI with a single button to exit the application. but i can not. py to the WORK_DIR. from pyspark import SparkContext. Create Azure Data Factory using python script. py using task scheduler. net/projects/mysql-python/?source. It prints shows In above script, ECHO off cleans up the console by hiding the commands from being printed at the prompt, ECHO prints the text "GeeksforGeeks" to the screen, and then waits for the user to press a key so program can be ceased. With the arrival of Windows 10's Bash shell, you can now create and run Bash shell scripts on Windows 10. exe just type:- xyz You must be in the same directory as the file you are trying to run though. This JDBC Training “addBatch() method of Statement interface in JDBC” post explains clearly how to execute a batch of sql statements from jdbc application using addBatch() method of Statement interface. PowerShell introduces over a hundred new commands, and that is a lot to learn when you first start. Hi Team, I have a requirement to call out a Python script - real time. The problem is that even though the variable gets set properly when the batch file was executed, the os. each line corresponds to a command for shell to execute. bat file and have one of the command loop every hour?. For this, I have 10 lines of code, so it's a small script. Now you can upload your newly generated MP3 file on Amazon Music and play it on Alexa! In this post, I showed you how to use the AWS Polly service to convert text to audio by employing a simple Python script. Getting Started on Heroku with Python Introduction. , a shutdown request) and so are the place to run commands that do not interact with the user; all servers are started using this mechanism. The -U used in the process argument for the python script is (quote): "-u : unbuffered binary stdout and stderr (also PYTHONUNBUFFERED=x). Hard code the arguments in the script, and run it via the python window. The For Loop Using Strings. This batch script sets an environment variable say _BLDPATH. bat file and run it in windows just like any other script. now how to run my python script as batch file in python how to run python scripts as batch files in python 50% OFF* an Expert Office ® subscription. I executed this program using the command python disk. The script automatically connects to a remote server "your. bat file and have one of the command loop every hour?. 7, and pyflink3. 3 it's in the standard library (the Lib directory). To execute Python code, we can use any approach that are given below. You can think of PvPython as ParaView with a Python interface. py After running the script, review the code to learn what each part of the application does. Script runs in the extensibility framework. One of the methods, Add, is then called from the script and given a list of integer variables as input parameters. bat file which runs a Python script on a list of specific dates I need a batch file which needs to be run monthly but on different dates of each month. Windows doesn't support shebang so that even when you put the script in PATH you would only be able to execute it when executing is the default run option and not editing. py to ,exe). You might also want to check the Python tutorial, SQLite tutorial or MySQL Python tutorial or PostgreSQL Python tutorial on ZetCode. "name_of_file. FROM tells Docker which image you base your image on (in the example, Python 3). It necessary to know the version of Python you are working with, as that can be considered as the basis of what is supported by a particular version of Python. I wrote this script that creates 3 different buffers around a point shapefile, and it works, but doesn't automatically add the buffers to the map, it just saves them in the specified. exe and the associated commands, and how to write Windows batch scripts for the interpreter. 0 distribution for Python 2. You may then open Notepad and copy the code below:. These lines aren't statements for the bash to execute. The first thing you need to is open the Task Scheduler App that comes. If you can't execute or run a Python script, then programming is pointless. Every time a Python script is executed, byte code is created. Based on my test, your Python script should work on Windows Server 2008 Task Scheduler. enable Advanced Project Options, select Use custom workspace. from pyspark import SparkContext. Thanks, so my question is if I run the below script, would I be creating a additional powershell script that is named script. Our Python tutorial is designed for beginners and professionals. You can make both direct (synchronous) calls to retrieve or check data in real time as well as asynchronous calls. Is there any way that I can possibly have my python script start the batch file?. The way I had all of this initially set up was as a batch file executing the. I'm a noobie to python and have over the past few days tested and created. A closed Recordset object will be returned if it is not a row-returning query. So, this should be fairly straightforward, but for the life of me I cannot figure it out. Using Python Filters. The script containing the plan has to be passed as the first argument, followed by a number of additional python packages, and finally, separated by - additional arguments. Early I wrote about it, and now I want to go back and show you another way how to do it. Files with any of these file extensions might be able to execute a task automatically. Working without Quotes. In the SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS), the ease of using external procedure sp_execute_external_script has been (and still will be) discussed many times. Locate the Python script file in Finder. Something like this, which doesn't work. Double-click the shortcut to run the batch file in a minimized window state. datarobot_batch_scoring. You see, whenever you run a python script, the IDE converts the syntax into instructions that the computer can understand and act on. That's fine, but doesn't meet the requirement of doing this without modifying the script to include an exit/quit statement. The following Python window script demonstrates how to use the # Execute Reviewer Batch Job function res = arcpy. Because I'm using COM objects I'm importing win32com. I'm still developing it so don't want to put it in my toolbox yet, and at the moment this means copying and pasting it from my text editor to the Python window in ArcGIS Desktop. py" that searches a website for certain text in order to run this file I open up the command prompt, and type: cd C:\Folder" //which will change the directory to where the script is python "script. blog RC About Work How to Run A Python Script in Slurm-Based Cluster in Five Minutes. Every time a Python script is executed, byte code is created. Generated code is compiled into a native, shared library that can be called from Python (as a module), Java (through. 0, i also set it to read files with *all* extensions. Batch Scripts for Windows. bat python %script_path% % *. Batch Script to execute SQL command and Save the output as text file Follow the below steps to execute SQL command and Save the output as text file through batch file: Step 1: Prepare an SQL query and save the query as sql file (e. bat" file can be run like a ". This script is tested on these platforms by the author. bat file magic that will let you save your python script code in a. 7zip is program that will use for zipping. Run a Silent Batch Script Using a. 2 version locally and selected version 3. How can I run each script automatically one after another and with all the folder structure? I am looking for some terminal code like above or a Python script. How to execute python. 7 and another for python3 and run scripts with a specified profile, which will be more convinient than entering options every time you want to switch python versions. bat file and then execute. Is there any way that I can possibly have my python script start the batch file?. Select a Python file (. This difference can be attributed to Python's built-in high-level data types and its dynamic typing. If you want to run the script "directly" (as you would a shell script), this must be the first line in the script. Hello everyone, I have a notepad file with a batch of URLs can somebody tell me how a python script can get the URLs and download them at once, also down of each URL the file name exists so once it is. It uses a combination of simulated keystrokes, mouse movement and window/control manipulation in order to automate tasks in a way not possible or reliable with other languages. It's used in every stage of typical machine learning workflows including data exploration, feature extraction, model training and validation, and deployment. CMD tells Docker to execute the command when the image loads. I have a python program in that I wrote some python code (disk. exe, I am attaching my script in the command arguments box and in the read results box I have. cd to folder of script; type python script. Desktop, Favorites, MyDocuments and so on, Network user information, such as group membership, Methods for runtime execution of text defined at runtime: Eval and Execute,. Download Notepad++ Python Script for free. To grasp the details of how to run Python scripts from your preferred IDE or editor, you can take a look at its documentation. In Script-Fu, a plug-in is used to execute scripts. Save and exit: Ctrl+X, Y, Enter. If you want to run something like a python script, put something like @python mypython. Normally, normally these files have an extension of. If you can't execute or run a Python script, then programming is pointless. 5, but it seems to be the opposite with my first attempt at converting a stand-alone script to use ArcGIS Pro. py script in which if I press a button, the program breaks and runs Scale1. Adding call before each Python command ensures the batch file is running after the Python script exits, successfully running multiple Python scripts as. But it's okay now. For Python 3, you want to look into cx_Freeze which can create executables from Python scripts. I first need the script to change to the network drive on that remote computer then execute a batch command that I write into the script is that possible?. Locate the Python script file in Finder. d this is a directory r read access w write access x execute access -no access. payload as an input to my python script so that it will be able to use the variable for performing operations. Running arcpy stand-alone scripts with ArcGIS Pro (64-bit) is supposed to be faster than ArcGIS 10. I have a script for this, by I have a problem with it. @DeepSpace I tried reading it but I'm still confused on how to apply it to run a batch file/process. Right-click the file and select "Open With -> Python Launcher" from the context menu. PyTecplot: Tecplot 360 Python Library¶ The pytecplot library is a high level API that connects your Python script to the power of the Tecplot 360 visualization engine. Same problem. Batch files can be created for customized tasks such as cleaning up older systems or copying files from one folder to another as a backup. Every time a Python script is executed, byte code is created. Convert a Batch (BAT) Script to an Executable (EXE) File howtogeek. Execute Scripts with SQL*Plus on a Windows Batch Script Posted on junio 29, 2014 by Daniel Arancibia Bohle — 3 comentarios It’s always a good idea to automate the execution of SQL statements on a batch script for the creation and update of objects on an Oracle database, in this post I’m going to see how to do it. exe and download it if it wasn’t in the same directory as the script, this can be seen below:. Scripts are the simplest kind of program file because they have no input or output arguments. But what if the person running your program does not want or know how to run a Python script? This article will teach you how to compile a Python script into an executable. In most scenarios %~dp0 gives the expected result. com It suggested to use batch file which will call python script and on the top of that batch use PowerShell command to elevate privilage. So in this blog post I will discuss what are the limitations of passing T-SQL Statement to sp_execute_external_script as a input data-set. The syntax is as follows for gnu/bash sleep command: Please note that the sleep command in BSD family of operating systems. 0 distribution for Python 2. enable Advanced Project Options, select Use custom workspace. This is useful for distributing support tools which are associated with a library, or just taking advantage of the setuptools / PyPI infrastructure to distribute a command line tool that happens to use Python. How do I run a script from the command line but keep the interpreter session open after the script is done? Answer. render(1,1) the script is automatically executed in a cmd window (Windows) or a terminal (Linux and OSX). This document describes the configurations of Device Management, including device status query, hardware management, Information Center Configuration, NTP, Synchronous Ethernet Configuration, Fault Management Configuration, Energy-Saving Management Configuration, Performance Management Configuration, Maintenance Assistant Configuration, and OPS Configuration. aim uwa executive education Thurrock, Banbridge. Scripts Batch Scripts (MSWindows) Use the Edit button of a switch on the Switches tab. The shell script. You can also use bin/pyspark to launch an interactive Python shell. For example, I would run my first script that would iterate through a list of values (0,1,2,3) and pass those to the 2nd script script2. There are many commands that we execute daily such as dir, find, etc. RunPythonScript operation. You can make both direct (synchronous) calls to retrieve or check data in real time as well as asynchronous calls. Configure Notepad++ to run a python script. And if I run the script it should start mstsc and login to the server. 3 Local variables. bat) file withing a pl/sql block in a stored procedure. A third type of AWK script is a "native' AWK script, where you don't use the shell. bat file with code shown in the recipe and you are ready !. bat file and have one of the command loop every hour?. Script: Run with profile allows you to run scripts with saved profiles. Every time a Python script is executed, byte code is created. Perl 6 is a sister language, part of the Perl family, not intended as a replacement for Perl 5, but as its own thing - libraries exist to allow you to call Perl 5 code from Perl 6 programs and vice versa. If you’ve installed Python 3, you’ll have access to a few more software tools. The following code inserts a new book into the books table:. exe timedate. A third type of AWK script is a "native' AWK script, where you don't use the shell. It is nothing but explanatory text about script. Second, having your script in the Processing Toolbox also allows it to be part of any Processing Model or be run as a Batch job with multiple inputs. To launch a batch script with spaces in the Program Path requiring "quotes" CMD /k ""c:\batch files\test. I have the python script inside a folder, with a subdirectory inside of it that contains my batch file. Question: I've been trying to get dbms_scheduler to run a UNIX shell script through dbms_scheduler. Create a text file and write down the steps you would follow to execute your python script: 1. py It's easy to write a Python script! [email protected]:~/python$. py; The Unix shell process running the script created by the main python program. 2 Using SLURM commands to execute batch jobs. The use of the install. The basic SLURM commands for submitting batch jobs are sbatch that submits jobs to batch job system and scancel that can be used to stop and remove a queueing or a running job. In this blog post I will show you an approach that works for PowerShell scripts that can be called from both PowerShell and batch scripts, where the command to be executed can be specified in a string, execute. com/public/mz47/ecb. I am writing an application with a server client type of framework. running a python script as Administrator in Windows. bat file and run it in windows just like any other script. Any participant…. exe and download it if it wasn’t in the same directory as the script, this can be seen below:. Source code on GitHub: https://gith. Python provides Interactive Shell to execute code immediatly and produce output instantly. It's used in every stage of typical machine learning workflows including data exploration, feature extraction, model training and validation, and deployment. Terrific, now your SQL Server instance is able to host and run Python code and you have the necessary development tools installed and configured! The next section will walk you through creating a predictive model using Python. BASH, python. Now, there is basically just one (interesting) thing you can do with that from the console: execute an algorithm. Now you can run any Python script in the C:\MyPythonScripts folder by simply pressing WIN-R and entering the script's name. Application. Maybe you've tried to double-click a. InvalidOperationException: Attempting to create an ExternalEvent outside of a standard API execution». In idle, if you open the file test1. Now time to execute the script. The shell execute echo statement for each assignment of i. see Scheduling a Python script to run at prescribed times. How to Create and Run a CMD batch file. [1] Caution: invoking a Bash script by sh scriptname turns off Bash-specific extensions, and the script may therefore fail to execute. Technically, this is doable. Create a shortcut to the batch file which runs python and your script. ExitCode which can be tested from DOS batch files, or by the process which invoked the script file, Network Printers, Network Shares, Special Folders, e. the repeated batch. sonarsource. I am trying to run a python script under python 2 virtualenv. GetFilename() cmd = 'run_python "%s"' % filename os. It covers the basics of MySQL programming with Python. Hey everybody! Remember to comment, rate, and subscribe! I may do giveaways as the channel grows so feel free to ask for tutorials!. Python is the most sought-after skill by employers and has turned to be the 3rd in-demand skill in the programming domain. Hang on for a few more minutes to learn how it all works, so you can make the most out of Heroku. Is there a command that lets me call it from the ArcGIS Python window? Something along the lines of: run script. render(1,1) the script is automatically executed in a cmd window (Windows) or a terminal (Linux and OSX). A Python Scripting plugin for Notepad++. Paste in the code above and modify it to fit your data (change the path). The script creation mechanism can be divided into 3 processes – Recording, Playing back and Saving the test script. PowerShell introduces over a hundred new commands, and that is a lot to learn when you first start. bat file that will run multiple python scripts sequentially. With the above definitions, script is updated whenever it is referenced. I am using a script instead of the "Reader" module because I need to do multiple queries and transform the returned data. Run the app. Tools written in a scripting language like node. Configuration. Double click it to run the file. I think your options would then be to: 1. Windows doesn't support shebang so that even when you put the script in PATH you would only be able to execute it when executing is the default run option and not editing. Software Architecture & Python Projects for $10 - $30. A batch file can be run by simply double clicking in Windows explorer, or by typing the name/path at the command line, optionally passing any parameters needed. Tag: execute sql script in batch Execute SQL script using Windows Task Scheduler Say, you have a SQL script ready, and you want that to run automatically without you kick starting it every single time. python --help if your needs are complex. py in as part of the command line: C:\>myscript. This is especially useful for users who are not familiar with Python, but want to run the script without even launching the python application. The commands I want to execute are: echo 1 > /pr. BAT extension. Determine Python Version. Running external programs are very essential in most programming languages, especially the scripting e. Locate the Python script file in Finder. How To: Run multiple Python scripts from a single parent script. How can I run each script automatically one after another and with all the folder structure? I am looking for some terminal code like above or a Python script. If you want to execute the command when the number is precisely a certain value, use. Working without Quotes. system() function is used in server script looks in server drives. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: