Git Checkout Remote Branch

If a tag cannot be fast-forwarded, you can delete and then add a new one. The –-track parameter means that this new local branch has its upstream set to a remote branch, in this case origin/gh-pages. Sure enough, it shows there are now two branches. Remote branch is upstream from local branch. Mar 28, 2016. Syntax: $ git checkout -b Command: $ git checkout -b stage1 Push Branch to Remote. Though MOS was still intended to be a separate business per the versions of events that the Vic-20 was assembled around the VIC only when nobody else wanted it. (Ok Git'ers - that has to be the least intuitive command ever. Creating, Deleting, or Listing Remote Branches. It will list all available branches, the current branch will be preceded with a *. Then on your local computer, delete the branch by first pulling the changes to master, and then you can delete your branch without Git complaining: $ git checkout master $ git pull origin master $ git branch -d test. Before you can share the results of your work by pushing your changes to the upstream, you need to synchronize with the remote repository to make sure your local copy of the project is up to date. Tags can also be hidden and soloed just like branches from the right click menu. Commands discussed in this section: git branch; git checkout; git push; git remote; Creating Remote Branches. git checkout -b repair Create a new branch to work on. Git has a builtin command for helping to resolve conflicts. #creates and checks out "feature" branch that tracks "origin/feature" $ git checkout -t origin/feature Links. ; Initial Git checkout may take significant time (sometimes hours), depending on the size of your project history, because the whole project history is downloaded during the initial checkout. git checkout -b origin/ creates a new branch based on origin/, and does not contact the. Git Checkout[ref] Change to another ref (branch or tag). Pull master branch. If you’re like me, you want to know a little more about what’s going on under the hood. You may may be a little surprised that the current branch (with the asterisk next to it) is still master. 0 branch, the following command is used: $ git checkout. $ git branch -d [branch-name]. All source code included in the card Check out a remote branch in git is licensed under the license stated below. git checkout branchName. restore hello. Name of the target directory where repository is about to be cloned. RT @YoSoyEpic: Just received some of the best news ever! @imgur has asked me to participate in a charity event on Nov 2nd for Children’s Mi…. After you have finished implementing a new feature on a branch, you want to bring that new feature into the main branch, so that everyone can use it. Git makes it really easy and fast to work with branches compared to many version control systems that aren't distributed, but coming from the world of TFS or SubVersion where a branch is basically a physical directory that one can check in and check out in Git it's pretty much just a. 1 After creating local copies of everything, we can verify once again whether all branches with the remotes/origin/ prefix have corresponding local copies (shown without the prefix):. Creating a branch is done via git branch branch-name: $ git branch test$ git branch* master test. Hi, There is a new branch in the remote repository, but it does not appear in the. Next, you delete the remote master branch, rename the current branch to master. This page focused on usage of the git checkout command when changing branches. You need to start by getting the remote name: git remote -v. If you do gl branch -c try-gitless/develop this will create a branch develop that lives in the remote try-gitless. Use the checkout command to switch branch. We just want to grab these files in their current state in the feature branch and drop them into the master branch. 6, with only one remote, you can just do: git fetch git checkout test As user masukomi points out in a comment, git checkout test will NOT work in modern git if you have multiple remotes. This is a bit more complex, because you can't directly rename the remote branch. You can try git clean or checkout: git clean -f Remove all untracked files. Accidentally pulled a remote branch into different local branch — how to undo the pull? My local repo has the master branch currently checked out. ; Initial Git checkout may take significant time (sometimes hours), depending on the size of your project history, because the whole project history is downloaded during the initial checkout. git switch -c --track / If the branch exists in multiple remotes and one of them is named by the checkout. Pulls information about all existing branches in the CodeCommit repository to the local repo. If a remote branch already exists with a different name than you want to track with the current branch, then use command git branch --set-upstream-to origin/dev_uday instead and then you just have to use git push. GIT store all the files and data in a repository. Git HowTo: revert a commit already pushed to a remote repository May 2010 on Git. org:project/devel. git repositories are complete, whether on your own system or on the server. One of the first Git commands you've learned was certainly "git checkout": $ git checkout development. > Switched to a new branch 'develop' This command creates a local branch tracking the remote develop branch and switches your working directory to this branch. This includes both code snippets embedded in the card text and code that is included as a file attachment. This means I now need to merge changes from multiple remote repositories. There is no branch, no tag. RT @YoSoyEpic: Just received some of the best news ever! @imgur has asked me to participate in a charity event on Nov 2nd for Children’s Mi…. For example, if someone else has pushed work to the same remote branch while you were working. Pushing code to another branch of the remote has no effect. git_checkout_head git_checkout_index git fetchspec git_remote_create_with_opts git_remote_default_branch git_remote_delete git_remote_disconnect git. git checkout --orphan freshBranch git add -A git commit git branch -D master git branch -m master git push -f origin master git gc --aggressive --prune=all git push -f origin master Add all the files in the path and commit. The following commands are used for creating the local branches: $ git branch br-tst1 $ git branch bt-tst2 $ git branch br-tst3. you cannot work with git checkout 3ef0d after pull), you should consider tagging the version you want to deploy in production and specifically checkout that tag on production, so that pulling does not immediately change your working directory. Git has two commands to update itself from a remote repository. Instructions: Use the arrow keys to navigate: ↓ ↑ → ← You can also move up and down using j and k. Git lists all the branches from the original repo, but the remote repository branches are not treated as local ones. Verzweigungen ("branches") in Git sind (im Gegensatz zu anderen SCMs) sehr effektiv implementiert: Ein Branch stellt nur eine Reference, kurz ref, eine Textdatei mit einer Commit-ID, dar, die in einem Repository im Verzeichnis. It is an extended git command. create a new branch named "feature_x" and switch to it using git checkout -b feature_x switch back to master git. If the current active branch has a remote tracked branch set, the remote branch and remote repository are automatically selected. It refers to "upstream" to where you want to push to or pull from. Create the branch on your local machine and switch in this branch: git checkout -b branch_name. The PHP Wiki has a useful Git FAQ, which provides useful tips and cheatsheets for using the PHP Git repository, and if you want to become involved in developing PHP, the Git Workflow page is also likely to be of interest. The sparse version only has edges in the top 99% of transitions. git checkout -b|-B [] Specifying -b causes a new branch to be created as if git-branch(1) were called and then checked out. gitmodules or. We can also use the git checkout command to toggle back and forth between our two branches. $ git checkout -b branch Switched to a new branch 'branch' You can check tracking branches by running the "git branch" command with the "-vv" option. cd project-folder. The checkout command output totally clarifies the situation. git reset --hard b3d92c5 Reset master to last usable commit. Thicker edges happened more times. Sure enough, it shows there are now two branches. The master branch is the "default" branch when you create a repository. This repository is. This is trivial using git checkout -, or gc - if you have gc aliased to git checkout like me. The diff can either be against the staged or un-staged tree, as selected in the options. origin/theBranch) and you'd like to create a local branch bearing the. In order to checkout a branch from a remote repository, you will have to perform two steps. It depends what you mean by "checkout. The git checkout command is an essential tool for. git remote add upstream是什麼意思? 3. It displays the changed branch(but the contents of Submodule are not updated) 4. 實做 Binding. If you have git-review, hard reset and checkout the change with this command: git review -d Note, if you already have the change in a branch on your local repository, you can just check it out instead: git checkout For example: git review -d 9332. More than 3 years have passed since last update. To create a new branch there is a git branch command. Use the checkout command to switch branch. git - checkout and track remote branch. The thing to know here is that your branch isn’t ahead of the the master — your branch is the master. Note that the content of the hello. Moving a Commit to Another Branch in Git. 05e9557 (Summary of changes) $ git branch -d myfeature Deleted branch myfeature (was 05e9557). Without this step the old remote will fail to delete, and when you push the new name it will link it to the old remote branch. food" # Switch back to master branch git checkout master # Make some changes, then add and commit git add. I stumble across this one every so often. Learn how to setup aliases and shortcuts for git commands; Common Aliases. There is no actual command called “git checkout remote branch. 하고 git branch -a 명령어를 입력하면 remote 브랜치 목록도 같이 보입니다. git doesn't have a command to delete all the remote branches with exceptions. Checkout master Create a branch, e. git checkout master 跟 git pull upstream master的用意為何? 2. Jakub's answer actually improves on this. This page focused on usage of the git checkout command when changing branches. This command will create a branch named "stage1" and switch to it immediately. As the changes between local and remote branches are synched real-time , they have to be kept in sync with git fetch. In most cases, solution to merge-conflict is as simple as discarding local changes or remote/other branch changes. Important! There is no need to set up anything special in plugin settings. This guide covers how to delete local and remote Git branches. git checkout dev-A git merge dev-B What that will do is merge the changes in master to your development branch. Do it similar to feature publishing with the command: git flow release publish RELEASE (You can track a remote release with the git flow release track RELEASE command). Handle any conflicts and make sure your. how to clone/checkout branch/tag vesion from GIT repository. After previous git remote prune origin we should have synched list of remote branches. If so, is the request to checkout the "dev" branch able to be satisfied in each of the repositories you're using in that workspace? Show Mark Waite added a comment - 2015-08-28 01:57 When you say that you're using the multiple SCM plugin, does that mean that the job which is failing is using multiple repositories, each cloned to a different. Without this step the old remote will fail to delete, and when you push the new name it will link it to the old remote branch. create a new branch named "feature_x" and switch to it using git checkout -b feature_x switch back to master git. Undo Private Changes Scenario: You've made some commits locally in the hotfix branch but everything is terrible! You want to remove the last two commits from the. Use the -b flag with git checkout to create and checkout a new branch in one command. The -u option adds an upstream tracking reference to your local branch, meaning that you can run push subsequent commits using git push without having to specify the remote and branch names (and run git pull without additional arguments). clone repo. If you check it, it will issue ‘git checkout -b dev’ command which create a branch and checkout. $ git fetch : $ git checkout The fetch command will retrieve the remote branch you're interested in and all related objects and references, storing it in a new local branch that you specified by the argument. I accidentally did git pull origin otherbranch and Git happily merged otherbranch into my master , which I didn't intend. First, click on "New Branch". When getting my toes wet in Git, I started using an extremely useful git command called git-svn, which primarily can be used to checkout a Subversion repository to a local Git repo and then push your changes back to the original Subversion repository. The remote branches are tracked in that if you do a git fetch or git pull updates to the remote branches will be tracked in your cloned repository. To delete a remote branch, we do not use the "git branch" command - but instead "git push" with the "--delete" flag: $ git push origin --delete feature/login Deleting both a local and a remote branch. If you checked out a specific commit, the list of branches displays a Detached HEAD entry. Sometimes you may require to list available branches within your git repository. git push -u origin dev. Lists only remote tracking branches in the local repo. If you chose to checkout this. I pounded my head against the wall for a bit when trying to play out this scenario in Git: Remote repository has two branches: master and some-long-complex-name; Locally, I have cloned master. If you do git checkout to a local branch which has been set up in this way, it will give you a helpful message such as: Your branch and the tracked remote branch 'origin/master' have diverged, and respectively have 3 and 384 different commit(s) each. 2' is ambiguous. [[email protected] src]$ git. Git has two commands to update itself from a remote repository. They exist as remote branches, not local branches, but you can still get to them. And since I have to look it up every time, I may as well document it. $ git push origin develop. Manage branches. At the Remote Branches page of the wizard, choose the branches to fetch changes from and click Finish. c from the index If you have an unfortunate branch that is named hello. With git versions earlier than 1. git commit -m "Made changes to master" # Merge in changes from super-hungry branch git. If you want to pull a file from a feature branch to a master, the workflow would be as follows:. Branches are essentially pointers to a certain commit. Luckily, it’s rather easy to set up your git working directory to have a different remote repository for different branches and then merge between them. The WebDAV-path would be the location outside the repository, which shouldn't contain the “. Create a new branch: git checkout -b feature_branch_name Edit, add and commit your files. GitSheet is a simple git cheat sheet reference for common git commands saving you time and helping you learn how to use branches, show logs, undo changes, create tags, stashes and more. You may also create and checkout a new branch (like git checkout -b ) and checkout a specific revision or tag. Git shows an asterisk mark before currently checked out branch. Git has become a very popular version control system in iOS and Mac development. git push -u origin dev. In this model, a repository has two main branches: Master—This is a highly stable branch that is always production-ready and contains the last release version of source code in production. git cherry-pick wants to merge a commit - not a file - from one branch into another branch. For a more detailed explanation, see this stackoverflow post. Usage: git checkout -b git fetch So for example I have a branch called feature/abc remotely git checkout -b feature/abc origin/feature/abc There is also a shortcut for this. It fetches any updates and then merges the changes into the target branch. Adding changes. Next, work on anything: fix bugs, add features, add temporary code, and so forth, committing often along the way. This works for any of the supported update procedures (–checkout, –rebase, etc. With git checkout we create a new local branch called gh-pages and immediately switch to it with the –b parameter. Plugin Info. $ cd sandbox $ git branch * master. git branch Create a new branch. Confusing, but not the end of the world. Git Diff [All] Show the diff of the current file, or all files. You can do so with the git merge or git pull command. However you can't directly rename a remote branch, you need to delete it and then re-push the renamed local branch. html file is the default content. Then I'll create a local force-push branch from master, by running: git checkout -b force-push master. cd project-folder. I stumble across this one every so often. by convention git creates the local branches with same name as remote branch names and after git fetch you can checkout the remote branch using same remote branch name. git checkout -b repair Create a new branch to work on. In order find what's your current branch use the command "git branch -a". ) Andres and I recently found ourselves wanting to delete a remote branch which had the same name as a tag and therefore the normal way of doing that wasn't worked out as well as we'd hoped. One way to add a new branch to the remote repository is to first add the branch to your local repository and then push that local branch to the remote repository. Remember that git checkout test won't work in modern git if you have multiple remotes. This guide covers how to delete local and remote Git branches. Mar 28, 2016. You edit some files, commit and copy the files to a web server via WebDAV. You will remain on your currently active branch until you switch to the new one. Using Mercurial to checkout a branch on the command line. However, I'm not seeing where I can find all the remote branches (like a 'git branch -a') to checkout. " Git's terminology is a bit different from centralized VCS like Subversion, because it can do so many more things. git中branch有三种类型: local branch. You can either freshly 'clone' the repository (see. This means that if you've got any uncommited changes or local commits which you didn't push to the repository yet, git will create a special merge type of commit. After previous git remote prune origin we should have synched list of remote branches. Open a shell. Front-end development minutiæ. Git is the best known distributed version control system at the moment. Commands discussed in this section: git branch; git checkout; git push; git remote; Creating Remote Branches. For example, I use the awesome git-completion and git-prompt scripts included in the Git project. The –-track parameter means that this new local branch has its upstream set to a remote branch, in this case origin/gh-pages. Latest @apphacker. (Ok Git'ers - that has to be the least intuitive command ever. What is the purpose of creating a remote git branch from JIRA? Edward Stembler Aug 31, 2017 I noticed in JIRA you can create a remote git branch for your BitBucket repository. Native git seems to be able to do the checkout without branch creation while JGit is not. It’s pretty common to flip back and forth between a main branch, like develop, and a feature branch. In most cases, solution to merge-conflict is as simple as discarding local changes or remote/other branch changes. Branches are essentially pointers to a certain commit. Let's say I have a repo that has three branches, master, unstable, and experimental. ” It’s just a way of referring to the action of checking out a remote branch. Fast-Forward Git Merge. If you do gl branch -c try-gitless/develop this will create a branch develop that lives in the remote try-gitless. This page focused on usage of the git checkout command when changing branches. Ersterer zeigt eine Reihe von Informationen über das entfernte Repository im Allgemeinen an und in welcher Beziehung sie zu deinem lokalen Repository stehen. Once you created a new branch, you see two branches in Branches pane. Git™ integration with MATLAB ® provides distributed source control with support for creating and merging branches. If you want to pull a file from a feature branch to a master, the workflow would be as follows:. Mercurial keeps things simpler in this aspect: When you pull, you bring all remote heads into your local repository. Git's solution to the problem is shallow clone where you can use clone depth to define how deep your clone should go. master in most cases). No big deal, just do git checkout -b again with a new name variation). Creating a branch is done via git branch branch-name: $ git branch test$ git branch* master test. The git remote add command takes two arguments: A remote name, for example, “origin” A remote URL, which you can find on the Source sub-tab of your Git repo. Jun 5, 2013. How to create a local copy of a remote branch in Visual Studio - 116 Suppose you've cloned a project from a GitHub repo that contains multiple branches. whatever the procedure we are using for git rename branch, we use the same procedure for bitbucket and gitlab. If you want to start using Git and GitLab together, make sure that you have created and/or signed into an account on GitLab. In most cases, solution to merge-conflict is as simple as discarding local changes or remote/other branch changes. As a user of TortoiseGit I've always been a bit confused when it comes to dealing with remote branches. It refers to "upstream" to where you want to push to or pull from. While working in the master branch, execute the following (with any appropriate branch name in quotes): $ git checkout -b. A new branch is created; Tom used the git branch command to list the available branches. For local and remote branches, the changes log can be shown by double clicking on the branch name. Manage branches. They allow git pull to know what to merge after fetching new remote-tracking branches. c $ git checkout hello. You notice there is "Checkout branch" checkbox. To checkout remote branch and track it from its remote origin $ git fetch $ git branch -v -a ##List available remote branches $ git checkout b1 Branch b1 setup to track remote branch b1 from origin. In PyCharm, all operations with branches are performed in the Git Branches popup. What I mean is a clone of a branch without the “. Second, you'll want to actually check it out so your working directory contains the branch files. Let's say I have a repo that has three branches, master, unstable, and experimental. Acorn used Synertek too. This is the result of having issued the git add. In this episode we show you how to work with branches. lab 11 Aliases Goals. After some time on master, you want to switch back to your local feature1 branch. Find examples and tutorials here. When you push the changes to your remote Bitbucket repository, those changes apply to the repository's branch. You can do so with the git merge or git pull command. Usually, remote repository is a big garbage heap of stale branches, if there is no responsible housekeeping person. There is no actual command called “git checkout remote branch. You may may be a little surprised that the current branch (with the asterisk next to it) is still master. git checkout. One of the first Git commands you've learned was certainly "git checkout": $ git checkout development. Now that you know more about what Git is, take a look at the 20 most common Git commands you'll need to know to use Git, plus examples of using each one. This plugin allows you to assign git branch, tag, pull request or revision number as parameter in your builds. Important! There is no need to set up anything special in plugin settings. Read the rest of this entry ». git branch lists the available branches; checkout changes to the master branch and git branch -D myBranch removes that branch. git checkout master 跟 git pull upstream master的用意為何? 2. They exist as remote branches, not local branches, but you can still get to them. ブランチを切り替える $ git checkout -b beta origin/beta Branch beta set up to track remote branch beta from origin. If you already have a local develop branch and want it to track the remote. But in Visual Studio Online, I see 3 remote branches: Well, before you can see the branches locally, you need to create a local tracking branch for the remote branch. Then I'll create a local force-push branch from master, by running: git checkout -b force-push master. When getting my toes wet in Git, I started using an extremely useful git command called git-svn, which primarily can be used to checkout a Subversion repository to a local Git repo and then push your changes back to the original Subversion repository. git checkout remoteBranchName. RT @YoSoyEpic: Just received some of the best news ever! @imgur has asked me to participate in a charity event on Nov 2nd for Children’s Mi…. Older git versions will complain about not being on a local branch. Git lists all the branches from the original repo, but the remote repository branches are not treated as local ones. release-v1. $ git remote rename js jane $ git remote origin jane *In the example above, we can see that the remote’s short name has been changed from js to Jane. $ git push origin develop. Git has a builtin command for helping to resolve conflicts. git push -u origin dev. Git will change the files on your computer to match the latest commit on the checked out branch. Showing all. Git will automatically create a local branch that tracks the remote one:. git checkout -t origin/haml via gitready. What is the purpose of creating a remote git branch from JIRA? Edward Stembler Aug 31, 2017 I noticed in JIRA you can create a remote git branch for your BitBucket repository. Reset to the latest commit on remote / upstream. To create, delete, or list remote branches you use the same gl branch command that you use for local branches. ) Andres and I recently found ourselves wanting to delete a remote branch which had the same name as a tag and therefore the normal way of doing that wasn't worked out as well as we'd hoped. git checkout -- files copies files from the stage to the working directory. Deleting a Branch; Merging. The git checkout command is an essential tool for. Second, you'll want to actually check it out so your working directory contains the branch files. html file is the default content. If you want to create a new branch but remain on your current branch, uncheck the Checkout after create checkbox in the Create branch dialog. Note that the content of the hello. It does not create a new branch. git checkout master # switch back to the master branch git fetch upstream # update information about the remote git merge upstream / master # merge the changes referred to by upstream / master git status will tell you that your local master is ahead of your master at origin. This is followed by creating remote branches: $ git push origin br-tst1 $ git push origin br-tst3. In some circumstances, Git by default will try to merge a branch in a fast-forward mode. However, I'm not seeing where I can find all the remote branches (like a 'git branch -a') to checkout. If you chose to checkout this. I see branches as "virtual directories" in the. Summary In summary, git submodules are a flexible way to de-couple your code base, but it does require some additional learning of git commands in order to. $ git checkout -b develop origin/develop > Branch develop set up to track remote branch develop from origin. Remote Run and Pre-Tested Commit are supported in the IntelliJ IDEA and Eclipse plugins; with the Visual Studio Addin use the Branch Remote Run Trigger. Checkout master branch. Git does not track a remote branch (since VS 2017) ->VS2017 Git does not use a local area network path. There's also another way to do figure out what branches are on your remote by actually using the remote related commands, git remote and git ls-remote. Next the fetched updates can be merged into a local branch. The popup shows the list of all local and remote branches available. Instead of pushing every single branch you can do git push --all origin. For local and remote branches, the changes log can be shown by double clicking on the branch name. Finished features may be merged into the develop branch to definitely add them to the upcoming release: $ git checkout develop Switched to branch 'develop' $ git merge --no-ff myfeature Updating ea1b82a. These commands also assume that you are working from a GitHub project you can commit to. …What I want to do is be able to have that non tracking branch where I can work with it. Git shows an asterisk mark before currently checked out branch. Set it to always if you want this behavior when the start-point is either a local or remote-tracking branch. This means that all changes you make are local. First, click on "New Branch". If you want to pull a file from a feature branch to a master, the workflow would be as follows:. If you want to start using Git and GitLab together, make sure that you have created and/or signed into an account on GitLab. Now push newly created branch to remote Git repository. This will update your computer with all the code and branches that are on the remote repository. Reset to the latest commit on remote / upstream. The WebDAV-path would be the location outside the repository, which shouldn't contain the ". Anthony Dentinger showed me in the comments that you can delete a local commit by doing: git reset –hard HEAD~. To send those changes to your remote repository in your desired branch, execute git push origin Branching Update & merge. Switch back to master. After some time on master, you want to switch back to your local feature1 branch. You need to start by getting the remote name: git remote -v. These remote branches are shared by other developers on VSO. $ git checkout master Your branch is behind 'origin/master' by 1 commit, and can be fast-forwarded. All detached HEAD means is that making a new commit, then moving away from it (by checking out something else) will leave you with no reference to that new commit. After a successful push, your teammates will then be able to pull your branch to view your commits (see git pull below). Set the branch. # Example of git clone --branch [branch_name] [maintainer project url] git clone --branch master [git_username]@git. Manage branches. Good luck! This document is designed to show that using git on Windows is not a difficult process. git checkout には2つの意味があるよ。 HEADをブランチに移動するだけ。ローカルブランチが存在しているときにこの振る舞いをする。 git checkout -b origin/のショートカットとして。ローカル. git doesn't have a command to delete all the remote branches with exceptions. At the Remote Branches page of the wizard, choose the branches to fetch changes from and click Finish. # Make and checkout new branch git checkout -b super-hungry # Make some changes to your file, then add and commit git add. Pull master branch. Be sure to delete the tag on remote as well. When you get to another computer or clone the git repository to a new computer, then you just need to start tracking the new branch again. Sync and update the Submodule using GIT Bash commands $ git submodule sync $ git submodule update --init --recursive --remote These commands will sync and update the submodule to the newly specified branch or URL successfully. git push -u origin dev. There's also another way to do figure out what branches are on your remote by actually using the remote related commands, git remote and git ls-remote. Moving from subversion to git can be a struggle, trying to understand what terms like checkout, commit, branch, remote, rebase all mean in the git world. Then, when you switch between the branches with git checkout or see a log of your committed changes with git log, you will see the difference if you are on one branch versus another. It fetches any updates and then merges the changes into the target branch. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: