Java Create Image

When you use images or other resources in an application, typically you create a separate Java package for the resources. Image below will clarify a mirror image of an array or a matrix. As such many programming languages have multiple ways to form connections users and servers or between peers. Its syntax is. …Let's do that. com makes creating image maps for your projects fun and easy with our powerful image mapping tool. GIF - Graphic Interchange Format. In this tutorial we will learn to create multiple frames in java. Java Project Tutorial - Make Login and Register Form Step by Step Using NetBeans And MySQL Database - Duration: 3:43:32. It may still be a bit buggy, so consider adding System. This program used the Graphics2D class which extends the Graphic class and control all geometry or coordinate transformation and color management, text layout. createImage(width, height) and in last I used ImageIO. Integrate in any enterprise level web desktop and mobile application File Format APIs for Word Excel PDF Email PowerPoint Barcode Images OCR Note & 3D. Well, I'm a little new to Java, and am mostly self taught. We previously used ImageIO to write JPEG files, but over time became increasingly dissatisfied as we discovered more and more issues. Generating PDF in Java using Apache PDFBox tutorial. Well organized and easy to understand Web building tutorials with lots of examples of how to use HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, PHP, Python, Bootstrap, Java and XML. For example, String is an immutable class and once instantiated its value never changes. Drawing the contents of a Java 2D image on to a drawing surface. Also, don't forget to add the file system image itself that is being created with mksquashfs (I think you know the reasons for these. We obtain the ImageWriteParam by calling the ImageWriter. See the use cases page to select an API method and see its use cases. Then I am creating its image with JFrame. Java support for JWT (JSON Web Tokens) is in its infancy – the prevalent libraries can require customization around unresolved dependencies and pages of code to assemble a simple JWT. You can share whatever you create, explore what others have created and learn from each other!. Spring Boot - Creating Docker Image - Docker is a container management service that eases building and deployment. This code has very little logic of its own. LWJGL is a Java library that enables cross-platform access to popular native APIs useful in the development of graphics (OpenGL, Vulkan), audio and parallel computing applications. This is quite beneficial, since I can inspect the image before burning it to disk. I have an Image object that I would like to convert to an Icon or ImageIcon to add to a JTextPane. An ImagePlus contain an ImageProcessor (2D image) or an ImageStack (3D, 4D or 5D image). Java Download » What is Java? » Do I have Java? » Need Help? » Uninstall About Java. Simple image will have black background with text inside which is created programmatically. NET edition that is totally free!. Image buttons are images which behave like form buttons. java file is. It is used to handle and manipulate the image data. Load the image file from a folder or a jar file: use javax. You can create a disk image that includes the data and free space on a physical disk or connected device, such as a USB device. Though a few laws of physics will be broken along the way, you'll learn one way to move an image file around the screen. 3 and higher, your project must declare a minSdkVersion of 18 or higher to create lossless or transparent WebP images using Android Studio. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute. I've talked about contracts before. Folder2ISO is a lightweight and powerful application for creating an ISO image, it is a freeware tool which creates an ISO from any kind of folder (including the subfolders). Play Framework makes it easy to build web applications with Java & Scala. An Azure Virtual Machine (VM) needs several supporting Azure resources. Wow, I haven't worked with images in Java in a while, and it turns out that opening and reading an image file in Java is very easy these days. It includes package lets you make GUI components for your Java applications, and It is platform independent. In the following command, java-application is the name of the image. 8, swings; Oracle 10g; Hardware requirements for Image Steganography. Creating and Deploying Java Applications on AWS Elastic Beanstalk. Question? Suggestion? Email us at [email protected] Graphics class, which manages a graphics context, and provides a set of device-independent methods for drawing texts, figures and images on the screen on different platforms. To create a really useful Builder Docker image, you need to know how your Java Build tools work and how docker build invalidates build cache. To use this application, simply adjust the controls to your desired settings and then hit the "Generate Faded Output" button. at Fachhochschule Hagenberg, Austria Medientechnik und -design 1 Getting Started 1. Many of today's applications use a multiple-document interface (MDI) — a main window (called the parent window) containing other windows (called child windows), to manage several open documents that are being processed in parallel. Java provides ImageIO class for reading and writing an image. NET Java Cloud SharePoint Android SSRS and JasperReports file format APIs for developers. Instantiating a java. Integrate in any enterprise level web desktop and mobile application File Format APIs for Word Excel PDF Email PowerPoint Barcode Images OCR Note & 3D. We start by loading in the PDF document. Now let's see how to merge multiple images into one image. It is okay to create ImageDescriptors for all the images in your plug-in, and keep them around for the lifetime of the UI. TYPE_INT_ARGB); Then blit the icon image to the buffered image, and resize it as you do so:. Just use the read method of the Java ImageIO class, and you can open/read images in a variety of formats (GIF, JPG, PNG) in basically one line of Java code. Create a simple html photo gallery with a little JavaScript. It is assumed that you have completed the projects titled How to read and write image file in Java and How to get and set pixel value in Java before starting this project. The table must be populated using JavaScript written in a separate file called menu. Multiple payloads can be created with this module and it helps something that can give you a shell in almost any situation. It is also shown how to run the socket application with the java command and how to use Wireshark for monitoring TCP/IP network traffic between the server and client socket. I'm currently working on a game in Java and am trying to create a background without using any image files. We previously used ImageIO to read BMP files, but over time became increasingly dissatisfied as we discovered more and more issues. The user must enter his credentials and the letters appearing in the captcha image. Step 1 : Create java. In Java, to convert an image from one type of format to another, use the static method write() provided by the class ImageIO under javax. , images) that are relative to your web page, which is the norm on the web. To create a new Java class or type, follow these steps: In the Project window, right-click a Java file or folder, and select New > Java Class. JSFiddle or its authors are not responsible or liable for any loss or damage of any kind during the usage of provided code. We are in the process to update these tutorials to use Java 8, only. Join me as I walk you through everything you need to know with respect to creating Java web applications from scratch. In this part of the Java 2D games tutorial, we create a Java Snake game clone. Well organized and easy to understand Web building tutorials with lots of examples of how to use HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, PHP, Python, Bootstrap, Java and XML. JAX-RS is the Java API used for creating RESTful web services. Create A Quiz is a software program that allows you to easily generate interactive on-screen quizzes using a Microsoft Windows PC. can you please provide simple and easy to understand code to upload image in database and retrieve image from database in jsp ? database is SQL SERVER 2005. It is just like an array put before a mirror. You can use Photoshop or another graphics editor for this purpose. The charts are displayed in a Swing application and saved to an image file. Before actually creating such a neat feature for your next Delphi application, you need to know how to grab the image of the form ("form-screen shot") and how to proportionally resize it to the desired thumbnail image. The toString method should print the type of shape, its perimeter, its area, and any other information you have given the class to store. GWT is the official open source project for GWT releases 2. In this short instruction, we’ll figure out how it is accomplished. A splash screen is beneficial when we have to load our application, and we know that it will take some amount of time. Back in July we announced Java EE 7 support with WAS Liberty 8. A customizable Java based library for reading, writing, viewing, and balancing X9. They store information such as letters, numbers, words, sentences, true/false, and more. Java SE 8 and the Eclipse Neon IDE was used. In this article, I will walk you through how to write out TIFF images from BufferedImage using ImageIO/JAI and JDeli I will also show you how to write out Multiple TIFF images onto a file. Program to create ASCII frequency table from file and url. The result will be a String consisting of random characters, representing the image. Writing ImageJ PlugIns - A Tutorial 1 Writing ImageJ PlugIns - A Tutorial Werner Bailer Werner. This computer is called the client. Step 3 - Build New Docker Image and Create New Container Based on it. The user must enter his credentials and the letters appearing in the captcha image. It also includes metadata (spatial calibration and possibly the directory/file where it was read from). I will be using Apache Commons Codec library to achieve the 'Convert Image to String and String to Image in Java'. Try our CSS Grid tools, HTML Editor, Responsive Prototyping & Design Software or innovative Email Designer today. There are two static methods named createTempFile in the Java File class, one that takes two arguments, and another that takes three arguments. We shall discuss two methods to run Java in a Docker container: Create a Docker container directly from the openjdk image, and. In this example, we have switched to as a root user. Scanners generate images so wide that you need more than a couple of arms to wrap around them. Java EE Servlet tutorial : Adding I18N support to bookstore example. A custom PullBufferDataSource is designed to read compressed JPEG data from a list of JPEG still image files. We are creating the object of the Student class by new keyword and printing the object's value. HTML formats web pages. This can be productively used in sign up forms to make the user enter the text in the image manually (to avoid automated script). What is Apache FOP. It is recommend no to use database for storing images with large size because it will increase the database size. java file is. This is the second in a series of four posts over four weeks that will show you how to create a simple Windows 8 game, using HTML5, JavaScript, WinJS, and CreateJS. import java. Each algorithm focuses on a different aspect. Create a Reference. You can share whatever you create, explore what others have created and learn from each other!. This program used the Graphics2D class which extends the Graphic class and control all geometry or coordinate transformation and color management, text layout. Choosing An Image. /images/background. The Swing library is built on top of the Java Abstract Widget Toolkit (AWT), an older. While ffmpeg is great for video manipulation, ImageMagick is its image counterpart. because creating objects of BufferedImage inside the loop. ** Javascript Help - I need help creating a javascript table and inputting pictures, I have my. This example shows how we can dynamically create an image from a text (' Hello World! ') by writing a simple Java Servlet. Prerequisite. There are mainly two types of implementation of JAX-RS that are Jersey and RESTeasy. They are not the same thing. true if the file is created successfully. Mirror image of a 2d array is another array whose columns are interchanged, meaning elements of first column become the elements of last column, elements of second column become the elements of second last column and so on. Read the image using the read() method of the ImageIO class (by passing the ByteArrayInputStream objects to it as a parameter). Create an Azure Container Registry to be used for holding the Docker images; If a local Docker engine cannot be found, create a Linux virtual machine that will host a Docker engine to be used for this sample; Use Docker Java to create a Docker client that will push/pull an image to/from Azure Container Registry. It can also say what colours to make everything, and a few other basic styles like table borders, but in general, this should be done with CSS instead. Often one of the most useful (and to the beginner underrated) abilities of Metasploit is the msfpayload module. // For Educational Purposes Only :). The splash screen is nothing but a start-up screen of any software or application and usually contains a logo or other images. Java image FAQ: How do I crop an image in Java? To crop an image in Java, just use the Java BufferedImage class, specifically the getSubimage method of the BufferedImage class. Executable Java Tutorial PDF Introduction. Slideshow Slideshow Gallery Modal Images Lightbox Responsive Image Grid Image Grid Tab Gallery Image Overlay Fade Image Overlay Slide Image Overlay Zoom Image Overlay Title Image Overlay Icon Image Effects Black and White Image Image Text Image Text Blocks Transparent Image Text Full Page Image Form on Image Hero Image Blur Background Image. How to Create Image Rollovers in JavaScript by Christopher Heng, thesitewizard. Others offer tutorials for learning the languages. GradientPaint. Step2: – To add a JFrame, right-click the project name in the Project window. Wow, I haven't worked with images in Java in a while, and it turns out that opening and reading an image file in Java is very easy these days. MS windows OS or windows XP OS (client or server) Java JDK 1. Create and display a modified image. Detect image type: 16. How to Create a Swing GUI in Java. In this tutorial, we will discuss all the necessary information you'll need to. Processing is a flexible software sketchbook and a language for learning how to code within the context of the visual arts. The visual feedback that images give can be more engaging and more intuitive than text alone. When the image was converted to PDF, the text could be selected! Now, this was a small image and not all the text in the image was converted to text in the PDF. In this set we will be creating mirror image. Creating a temporary file in Java is straightforward. We shall discuss two methods to run Java in a Docker container: Create a Docker container directly from the openjdk image, and. We show how to create various types of charts. If we attempt to work with an image file in a different format, our application will not be able to read it and will throw a NullPointerException when accessing the BufferedImage variable. height The height of the image (i. Read an Image from URL: 16. This is not a problem was a typical scanned image. Now, let's look at creating the window using a JFrame object. Java program to create an image using Graphics2D. First of all, you will need two pictures of the same dimensions. My previous post shows how to split an image into chunks. Once a connection is made, you can begin working with the database in the IDE, allowing you to create tables, populate them with data, run SQL statements and queries, and more. This example shows how we can dynamically create an image from a text (' Hello World! ') by writing a simple Java Servlet. check Query fully-managed MySQL, PostgreSQL, or NoSQL databases on GCP using Java check Deploy Java apps to a managed Kubernetes cluster check Run apps on Google maintained OpenJDK or OpenJDK+Jetty9 Docker images. It’s useful to have an idea of how this hierarchy fits together, since classes inherit objects and methods from the classes above them in the hierarchy. A Dockerfile is a fundamental building block used when dockerizing your Java applications, and it is how you can create a Docker image that can be used to create the containers you need for automatic builds. Then add reference images one at a time. are automatically removed by. js platform. Best Answer: Suppose you want a Z of size N. Java file with comments to understand the workflow. See the Purple Servlet References for a list. Classes required to perform the operation:. Note that example is simple and that is creates a JPEG with some trivial pattern. Image rollovers (sometimes also called Image MouseOvers or mouse-overs) can be found in numerous websites on the Internet today. Java build process needs JDK and a build tool like Maven, Gradle, or Ant. 44 Responses to Tutorial: Creating native binary executables for multi-platform Java apps with OpenGL and Eclipse RCP. Java program to create user defined exception hand Java program to illustrate swing concept; Java program to create student registration form; Java program to implement single inheritance; Java program to animated text or moving text; Java program to illustrate menubar with the help o Java program to create login form using applet. The following example demonstrates the use of ImageWriteParam class to compress an image. It will act as a base for some future articles that I have planned to write. Having 50 1280x768px images for a 50-level game vs having one image with 100 tiles makes a huge difference. You will now learn how to add images to your window to spice things up a litttle :) JAVA Creating a SWING application with NetBeans IDE 7 4 How to add Image in Netbeans Java - Part 1. Running a Matlab function using java I'm writing an application which does image processing using matlab and later displays the result using Java's Interface. Graphics2D class to resize image in java. Step 1 : Create java. Thread, or instances of subclasses of this class. One for sending character data over a TCP/IP socket connection and another one for sending binary data –an image is used-, over a TCP/IP socket connection. Java Icons - Download 157 Free Java icons @ IconArchive. Clean and simple. Java Swing Tutorial Explaining the JFrame class. Draw an Image and save to png. Java Assignment 8 CSC110 Create a java Project with a package called "geometry" In the geometry package, create classes circle, rectangle, and square that stores information about the shape including, but not limited to, the perimeter() and area(). Create an image from Amazon WorkSpaces, and then create a custom bundle from the image. String string, int size, Color foreground, Color background) Creates an image with the given string drawn as text using the given font size, with the given foreground GreenfootColor on the given background GreenfootColor. Jar files are mainly used for archiving, compression and decompression. The Java Connection. A Java applet could appear in a frame of the web page, a new application window, Sun's AppletViewer, or a stand-alone tool for testing applets. One for sending character data over a TCP/IP socket connection and another one for sending binary data –an image is used-, over a TCP/IP socket connection. Your own JRE will be very less in size and have only necessary tools and modules. Object implements java. Create and display a modified image. How to Generate & Print Barcode Image in Eclipse BIRT ; 7. We shall use the name java-application. Note that example is simple and that is creates a JPEG with some trivial pattern. The BufferedImage subclass describes an Image with an accessible buffer of image data. Highslide JS is incomparably better alternative to other well known and rather common lightbox scripts. To run this sample: Set the environment variable AZURE_AUTH_LOCATION with the full path for an auth. By default, Java supports only these five formats for images: JPEG, PNG, BMP, WEBMP, GIF. We use a Java servlet to create and render a chart in a web browser and retrieve data for a chart from a MySQL database. We uses QRGen and ZXing library to generate QR Code dynamically in Java and integrate the same in Servlet. Create a new empty database. First of all, find another image you'd like to feature on your site. To create a new image, use the createImage() function. When you surf the web, it’s common to see advertising banners that periodically switch between images. This program used the Graphics2D class which extends the Graphic class and control all geometry or coordinate transformation and color management, text layout. JavaFX supports the image formats like Bmp, Gif, Jpeg, Png. Creating database-driven web applications in Java has traditionally involved a steep learning curve. AWS Elastic Beanstalk supports several platform versions for Java applications, including multiple versions of Java with the Tomcat application server and Java-only platform versions for applications that do not use Tomcat. Create an un-managed virtual machine from PIR image with data disks. In this tutorial I will explain how to use Amazon’s S3 storage with the Java API provided by Amazon. NET edition that is totally free!. Since 2001, Processing has promoted software literacy within the visual arts and visual literacy within technology. For this Java Example, create a directory somewhere with name of your choice. The table must be populated using JavaScript written in a separate file called menu. Be sure it is the same size as the first image, or as close as possible. In this tutorial we will learn to create multiple frames in java. File as an input and outputs the image as jpg as well as png file. Java provides ImageIO class for reading and writing an image. This chapter teaches you how to load images in to JavaFX, how to project an image in multiple views and how to alter the pixels of an image. java format. Java Programming. The entire bitmap is loaded regardless of the sizes specified in the constructor. Are you able to convert a Java Script code to jpeg file? I have 6 image banners from the forex company that I am an affiliate with. Let's list down 3 different ways to create new file for our beginner friends. Save and Retrieve Image from MySql Database Using Java How to Save Image in Database. ) In general, there are two ways to create a new Docker image: Create an image from an existing container: In this case, you start with an existing image, customize it with the changes you want, then build a new image from it. With free version 360 Javascript viewer, 360 degrees JQuery image viewer. For example, String is an immutable class and once instantiated its value never changes. Wow, I haven't worked with images in Java in a while, and it turns out that opening and reading an image file in Java is very easy these days. Project Structure Code to create simple PDF File. The code above uses function chaining feature in Java. ACA WebThumb ActiveX Control takes the snapshots of given URLs as JPG, GIF, PNG, BMP, TIFF, WMF and EMF image, it helps you convert the web page to images in batch, capture full length website screenshots, generate thumbnail image previews of web page. Note: If you are using Java NIO you will have to use the java. The gradient of the image is one of the fundamental building blocks in image processing. Swing Framework contain a large set of components which allow high level of customization and provide rich functionalities, and is used to create window based applications. In this article I will show you how to write JPEG images in Java using ImageIO, JAI and JDeli. Jar files are mainly used for archiving, compression and decompression. Prerequisite. First of all, you will need two pictures of the same dimensions. Read an Image from inputStream: 16. The code above uses function chaining feature in Java. Apache Commons Proper. Hence, at first step we create a database connection and using this, get a java. ** Javascript Help - I need help creating a javascript table and inputting pictures, I have my. Generate, draw barcodes using Java Class and customize image settings. Creates a new PImage (the datatype for storing images). Simple Java Graphics. java given in Appendix B demonstrates the process of creating a java. org or mail your article to [email protected] This is a program to create an image file in Java. Tutorial to Create QR Codes in Java & Servlet. , the value for the width attribute). Below are the steps to create new JAVA class in Android Studio. If you are creating a Java project from files given to you, you will select the second option and go to Step 6. We can have any name for our docker image. 5 Numerical Solutions to Differential // create matrix based on 2d array public. Create graphics applications with Java 3D. In short, you can read and write MS Excel files using Java. Say we need to concatenate following four image chunks. As of the previous lesson (Unit 4, Day 6), we have studied Java, created our first 2D Java-based Platformer, discussed the power of Android, and laid the framework for a 2D Android game. If you are creating a Java project from scratch, you will select the first option and go to Step 4. Rectangle Image in Java. In this section, you will learn how to create Circle Diagram. A blob type column is more applicable when saving an image to the database since a blob column can hold large amount of data. If the viewport area is larger than the final image size, then there is white space around it. The working of a JavaScript Button. I have said that Java objects are a lot like objects in real life, so let's create a real life object from scratch. JDK 14: The new features in Java 14 Switch expressions and NVM-supporting file mapping byte buffers are slated for the next version of standard Java due in 2020. The code above uses function chaining feature in Java. Jib can be used as a Maven or Gradle plugin in our Spring Boot projects. Java Icons - Download 157 Free Java icons @ IconArchive. createImage()). Display Image in Java This example takes an image from the system and displays it on a frame using ImageIO class. imageio” package is used to deal with the Java image stuff. import java. There are mainly two types of implementation of JAX-RS that are Jersey and RESTeasy. In this article I will show you how to write JPEG images in Java using ImageIO, JAI and JDeli. Here's how Java 9 and Maven. This java example shows how to create a custom color using red, green and blue (RGB) components in an Applet window using Java AWT Color class. Java+You, Download Today!. java format. A separate directory is useful to organise docker applications. The table must be populated using JavaScript written in a separate file called menu. GradientPaint. Second interior line is N-2 dashes, followed by a hash mark. Cincopa's HTML image slider is remarkably efficient, reliable and engaging. Suppose we want to display an image over the JFrame then there is no easy method in swing to do so. Java 9 introduced jlink command-line tool which assembles and optimizes the specified modules and their dependencies into a custom runtime image. You can create an instance with an image in the Google Cloud Platform Console, the gcloud command-line tool, or the API. How to create a PDF portfolio in Java SE/EE. Each image database can store information for up to 1,000 images. java shows how to display this image. getDefaultWriteParam(). An image with alpha channel and an icon generated from the image. You can configure the image scaling process using you own custom algorithm. Prerequisite. 1, but you should get similar results on most Web servers supporting Java servlets. Dockerize your Java Application. Creating and Deploying Java Applications on AWS Elastic Beanstalk. I created the Simple Java Graphics library for the CS46A Udacity course. This is not a problem was a typical scanned image. Do so before adding the image to the document. When I found QR code images in so many websites then I started looking for java QR code generator. Notice that in this script, the images themselves are not clickable. The getBlob() method of PreparedStatement is used to get Binary information, it returns the instance of Blob. Drawing the contents of a Java 2D image on to a drawing surface. This application allows you to generate color faded gradients that can be tiled to create colorful and viberant backgrounds for webpages, tables, text, and whatever else you can think of. Jib can be used as a Maven or Gradle plugin in our Spring Boot projects. In this chapter we are going to see how you can download an image from internet, perform some image processing techniques on the image, and then again upload the processed image to a server. 8, swings; Oracle 10g; Hardware requirements for Image Steganography. Producing Image Data There are two approaches to generating image data. Support for flipping the image by using negative values for sw and sh was added in Gecko 5. Make sure that all the images are in same size (width*height). For example, if a USB device or volume is 80 GB with 10 GB of data, the disk image will be 80 GB in size and include data and free space. Create an image database. ASCII Art This little program converts your picture to ASCII text art - a jumble of letters, numbers and symbols that do not appear to have any significance until you step back and look at the whole picture. jPDFImages – Java PDF Image Conversion Library jPDFImages is a Java library to export images from PDF files and to import images into PDF files. Next we create a PDFRenderer class. An alternative method of creating clone image. This tutorial focuses on: This class is used to create an area in a frame to be used for. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: